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November 2, 2017

How To Install WordPress on VPS Without Cpanel or FTP – Quick Startup Guide

Install WordPress on VPS

In this tutorial you will learn how to Install WordPress on VPS without any control panel like (cPanel, Plesk, Kloxo, etc) also without using FTP client or phpMyAdmin. Just  the command line will do a perfect job. By following these steps you’ll get Rock-solid WordPress site which is secure Enough and has high availability performance. Whatever traffic you have this machine can carry easily massive traffic. This tutorial is divided into two parts,the first one is LEMP stack setup and the other is WordPress setup.

  • Duration estimated time: 5 minutes or less
  • Tutorial level: Beginners

Install Requirements:

  • A KVM VPS with root access (Will apply to ubuntu 14.04)
  • Domain name pointed at your VPS (yourdomain.com)
  • SSH Client Software like PuTTY or Bitvise for windows (will use Bitvise)

LEMP stack setup (Nginx, MySQL, PHP)

To be able to Install WordPress on VPS you must first have Linux LEMP stack software installed on your machine to serve the dynamic content of WordPress.

Login to your VPS with info sent to you in New Account Information email.

Install WordPress on VPS

Remove Apache Web Server:

If Apache Web Server installed by default in your VPS just remove it, as we will use Nginx instead (if no neglect this step)

service apache2 stop

update-rc.d -f apache2 remove

apt-get remove apache2

A warning message will appear, type [Y] and press enter.

Install WordPress on VPS remove apache

Install Nginx Web Server

apt-get update

apt-get install nginx

service nginx start

Now to check that Nginx working, just type your IP (or yourdomain) address in  browser you will see Welcome message of Nginx

Install Nginx Web Server

Install MySQL (to Store Site Data)

apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

A prompt window will open to choose a password for your database insert the password chosen and press enter

WordPress VPS MySQL

mysql_install_db

/us/bin/mysql_secure_installation

Then you will asked for some options just choose below:

Change the root password? [Y/n]   Choose N
Remove anonymous users? [Y/n]   Choose Y
Disallow root login remotely? [Y/n]   Choose Y
Remove test database and access to it? [Y/n]   Choose Y
Reload privilege tables now? [Y/n]   Choose Y

finally a message will appear to inform you that you’re done

All done! If you’ve completed all of the above steps, your MySQL
installation should now be secure. Thanks for using MySQL!

Install PHP (to serve dynamic content)

Install PHP (you may need extra libraries required to run WordPress perfect you can add later whatever you want)

apt-get install php-fpm php-mysql

Now we are going yo modify configuration of php.ini and www files in path /etc/php5/fpm/ (in case of ubuntu 14.04) using nano*

nano /etc/php5/fpm/php.ini

Change  ;cgi.fix_pathinfo=1  to  cgi.fix_pathinfo=0

nano /etc/php5/fpm/pool.d/www.conf

Change  listen = /var/run/php5-fpm.sock  to  listen = 127.0.0.1:9000

restart php to make changes take effect

service php5-fpm restart

in this step we have finished LEMP stack software and your machine is able to run WordPress or any other application

WordPress setup

A- Build file structure

build file structure to host your WordPress files then bind with nginx

mkdir -p /var/www/yourdomain.com/public_html

cp /etc/nginx/sites-available/default /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomain.com

ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomain.com /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/yourdomain.com

Navigate to public_html folder to download nginx

cd /var/www/yourdomain.com/public_html

then download it via wget command

wget https://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz

WordPress setup

then extract it

tar xvzf latest.tar.gz

this will create a folder called wordpress navigate to it and move all files one level up to place in publi_html directory

cd /var/www/yourdomain.com/public_html/wordpress

mv -v /var/www/yourdomain.com/public_html/wordpress/* /var/www/yourdomain.com/public_html/

finally your files musst be as in image

WordPress setup files

B-create WordPress database

Below we are going to install the database for WordPress site without phpMyAdmin only with Command Line (More secure!?)*
Login in to MySQL by typing command bellow and create a new data base (copy and paste line by line and press enter for each):

mysql -u root -p
CREATE DATABASE wordpresss;
CREATE USER [email protected];
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON wordpresss.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'wordpresss_pass';
FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
quit;

Change values above of  “wordpresss | wordpresss_user | wordpresss_pass”  with your own and record them away, as it is the values of  “Database Name | Username | Password”  you’ll asked to insert in installing WordPress after a while.

C-Modify vhost default values

nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/yourdomain.com

in serer block change default red values with green values

root /usr/share/nginx/html; with root /var/www/yourdomain.com/public_html;
index index.html index.htm; with index index.php index.html index.htm;
server_name localhost; with server_name yourdomain.com;

add php configuration by inserting following lines at the end of the file:

location ~ \.php$ {
try_files $uri =404;
fastcgi_pass 127.0.0.1:9000;
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;
}

Then restart

service nginx restart && service php5-fpm restart

once nginx&php restarted just type your domain in browser you’ll redirect to WordPress installation wizard

http://yourdomain.com/wp-admin/setup-config.php

wordpress wp-admin

wordpress wp-admin2

Finish steps you will asked again to insert username, password and Email but this time for WordPress Admin, finally you’ll login to WordPress admin panel as in figure:

wordpress wp-admin3

That’s all, Enjoy! 🙂

By the of this tutorial you now know how to Install WordPress on VPS perfectly, but that is not all, every part of the tutorial need more effort to build your knowledge and develop your skills in vps management. This was just a quick startup guide so you can start your business up fast. Weather you are an affiliate marketer, webmaster, woo-commerce trader or even a business owner you will need WordPress. The power of Nginx web server is that it gives you magnificent availability even if you have huge number of visits daily. Using a VPS without a management panel increases your security; as these panels are an easy target to hacking attempts.

The main purpose of this exercise is to put you at the beginning of the way to learn and apply Linux commands to create the first WordPress site safe and highly efficient This exercise is just a quick start but enough to start in the world of server management.

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